Personal & Organizational
Values are the worth or importance you attach to different factors is your life
All of your values taken together are called a value system, the set of standards by which you have chosen to live
A corporate culture is a system of shared values throughout any given company or other organization
Conflicts between people, often are bases on differences in value
Attitudes are often affect by values, and values conflicts with other people certainly involve attitude problems--but values are a deeper, and in some ways, more important part of everyone's lives and organizations
Personal values are formed in early childhood and are affectively strongly by the values of parents and the child's environment.
3 value patterns have emerged since the early 1970's
1. The nature of a person's paid job is now much more significant
2. Leisure time is more valued, mostly because it has become a rare commodity
3. Americans now insist much more strongly that jobs become less impersonal, and more human and humane.
Other important factors that help form values are religions, political views, parents, socioeconomic class, education or lack of it, television, the Internet, and other mass media.
TYPES OF VALUES
Terminal and Instrumental
Terminal values are likely to maintain a high priority throughout your life
Instrumental values reflect the ways you prefer to behave
|Instrumental Values||Terminal Values|
Love and tenderness
|A comfortable and
An exciting, stimulating, and active life
A sense of accomplishment or lasting contribution
A world at peace, free of war and conflict
A world of beauty, nature, and art
Equality, brotherhood, and equal opportunity
Family security, taking care of loved ones
Freedom, independence, and free choice
Happiness and contentment
Inner harmony and freedom from inner conflict
Mature love, sexual and spiritual intimacy
An enjoyable life
Salvation and eternal life
Self-respect and high self-esteem
Social respect and admiration
Wisdom in understanding life
1. The theoretical person This the individual seeks to discover truth
2. The economic person Personal needs, production, marketing, credit, and wealth are more important to this type of person than are social or artistic values
3. The aesthetic person Beauty, form, and harmony are most important to this type of individual
4. The social person This person values and loves other people kindness and unselfishness are both very important values.
5. The political person This type is very power-motivated
6. The religious person to this individual, the highest value is unity.
Integrity can be defined as soundness of moral character. Others have defined integrity as living up to the principles you claim to believe, or practicing what you preach
Without integrity, one can never achieve trust.
Value conflicts occur when one set of values clashes with another, and a decision has to be made
Types of Value conflict:
Interpersonal Value Conflict
Personal Versus Group Values
Internal Value conflict
These conflicts often result in cognitive dissonance, the emotional state that results from acting in ways that contradict one's beliefs or other actions.
Choices to deal with cognitive dissonance:
1. you can change your original beliefs
2. You can use denial
3. You can get into self-justification
4. You can change your own behavior
VALUES IN AN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY
A. Views of power and authority
B. Views of the individual versus the group
C. Tolerance for uncertainty
D. The value of punctuality
1. Did I choose this value freely, with no outside pressure?
2. Did I choose this value from several alternatives?
3. Did I consider the consequences of my choice?
4. Do I like and respect this value?
5. Will I defend this value publicly?
6. Will I base my behavior on this value?
7. Do I find this value persistent throughout my life?
1. Focus Put the life you have lived so far into focus
2. Respect Do you respect yourself and, in turn, demand respect from others
3. Responsibility Be willing to accept responsibility for whatever you do, right or wrong
4. Pride Practice feeling good about yourself
5. Fairness and Equity Believe in the rights of others and never violate those rights
6. Trust and Being Trusted Never let someone down when that person trusts you
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