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FAMOUS DISCOVERERS &

 

 NAVIGATORS

 

Christopher Columbus                     discovered or rediscovered America and the W. Indies

 

Vasco Nunez de Balboa                   discovered The Pacific Ocean

 

Sir Humphrey Gilbert                       discovered Newfoundland

 

Vasco Da Gama                              discovered The sea route to India 1498

 

Sebastian Cabot                               discovered Labrador in 1497

 

Captain James Cook                         discovered The Sandwich Isles

 

Henry, the Navigator                         discovered Madeira and the Azores

 

Henry Hudson                                  discovered The Hudson River Hudson Strait, Hudson Bay

 

Ferdinand Magellan                           first person to attempt to sail around the world

 

Sir Francis Drake                              first Englishman to sail around the world 1577-1580

 

William Baffin                                  discovered Baffin Bay

 

Sir Martin Frobisher                         discovered Frobisher’s Strait

 

Matthew Flinders                             discovered Bass Strait

 

Vitus Bering                                    discovered Bering’s Strait

 

John Davis                                      discovered Davis Strait

 

Sir Samuel White Baker                   discovered Lake Albert in 1864

 

Marco Polo                                     made explorations in China, India and the East.

 

Captain Roald Amundsen                reached the South Pole in 1912; flew over the North Pole

                                                       in 1926

 

Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd   flew over the North Pole in 1926 flew over the South Pole in 1929

 

Rear Admiral Robert Edwin Peary    succeeded in reaching the North Pole on 6 April, 1909

 

Captain Robert Scott                       reached the South Pole, 18 January, 1912,

 

David Livingstone                           explored a great deal of Central Africa between 1849 and 1873

 

Sir Henry Morton Stanley                explored Central Africa between 1871 and 1889

 

Mungo Park                                    explored the River Niger 1791-1806

 

Jacques Cartier                               explored a great deal of Canada, especially the Gulf of St.Lawerence and the river St. Lawerence

 

Charles Goodyear                          discovered the art of vulcanizing rubber

 

Professor Pierre Curie and Madame Curie        joint discovers of Raduim, a substance used in the cure of cancer

 

Edward Jenner                                discovered vaccination

 

Lord Lister                                     discovered antiseptic treatment

 

Robert Koch                                  discovered the bacillus of tuberculosis

 

William Harvey                               discovered the circulation of the blood

 

Louis Pasteur                                 discovered the science of bacteria, i.e. the germ theory of diseases

 

Professor Wilhem Konrad Rontgen discovered Rontagen ray (X-rays)

 

Sir James Young Simpson              discovered the use of chloroform as an anesthetic

 

William Hyde Wollaston                 discovered ultra-violet rays

 

Joseph Priestley                             discovered oxygen

 

Sir William Ramsay                       discovered argon gas and helium

 

Sir Ronald Ross                            discovered the cause of malaria

 

Sir Patrick Manson                        discovered that the malarial parasite was transmitted by the anopheles mosquito

 

Sir Aldo Castellani                         discovered the cause of sleeping sickness

 

Sir Issac Newton                           discovered the law of gravitation

 

Henry Cavendish                           discovered the composition of water; he also discovered hydrogen

 

Francis Appert                              discovered how to preserve animal and vegetable food by enclosing them in hermetically sealed tins or cans

 

Archimedes                                   discovered specific gravity and the principles of the lever

 

Bernard Pallisy                              discovered the art of producing white enamel

 

Sir Rowland Hill                            introduced the penny postal system

 

William Herschell                          discovered the planet Uranus         

 

Sir Alexander Fleming                   discovered penicillin

 

 

 

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